Tin tức chi tiết

Tháng Tư 17, 2022

What Is the Difference between Form and Meaning

From a historical point of view, polysemy is the change in the general semantic structure of a word. A word may have retained its original meaning and added other meanings to it. It may also happen that some of the meanings have been lost and new ones are added. Thus, when a lexicographer deals with a polysemic word, he examines and analyzes the interrelationship and interdependence of its different meanings in the semantic structure of a word. We can take another example. When you see a chair over and over again, you discover certain qualities or features associated with it. He finds that he has four legs, is used for sitting, has a backrest, and usually (not always) has hands. He combines these characteristics with the linguistic form of the chair upon hearing them, and comes to the conclusion that all things that have these qualities are chairs. These characteristics are different from those of a stool, table or cot, all furniture that shares some functions with the chair and others do not. Based on these characteristics, the person forms the concept of the speaker in his head. These characteristics are therefore decisive or criteria for the design of the concept.

Each word has a bundle of such characteristics, which in their entirety are decisive in determining the meaning of a word. Not only is the presence of these features crucial in determining meaning, but their absence is also crucial. (e.B. man and child have common characteristics such as the human being. It is therefore a positive or positive characteristic. But while man has the characteristic of an adult child, he does not. In the latter case, the adult is a negative or negative characteristic (see 3-11). It is clear from the above discussions that meaning is an abstraction or generalization based on the semantic characteristic of events or things. The concept of abstraction is not limited to objects that have real and concrete references in the extra-linguistic world, but extends to fictitious and imaginary speakers such as the unicorn, the fairy, etc. It is also applicable to abstract terms such as honesty, virtue and actions such as beating, killing, etc.

The lexicographer uses the dominant or neutral synonym of the set to define or assimilate the non-dominant or non-neutral synonyms in his dictionary. While nouns do not distinguish between subjective (nominative) and objective (oblique) cases, some pronouns do. That is, they refuse to reflect their relationship to a verb, preposition, or case. Consider the difference between him (subjective) and him (objective), as in “He saw it” and “He saw it”; Consider in the same way who, what is subjective and the goal that (although it is increasingly common to use who for both). The word is derived from sanskrit khara sensu (2) here Just as verbs are conjugated in Latin to indicate grammatical information, Latin nouns and adjectives that modify them are rejected to signal their role in sentences. There are five important cases for Latin names: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative and ablative. Since the vocative usually takes the same form as the nominative, it is rarely written in grammar books. [dubious – discuss] Another case, the rental, is limited to a small number of words. If we compare the three types of words described above, we find that homonyms are identical words in spelling and pronunciation and have different disjoint meanings; Homographs are words that are identical in spelling but in pronunciation, these in turn have different meanings, and homophones are words that differ in spelling but are identical in pronunciation and also have different meanings. Many other sentences that retain the original meaning are possible in an influenced language,[5] but very little or not at all in modern English. [1] When read without the case suffixes, most of the above sentences become confusing. We observe in the discussion above that the distinction between polysemy and homonymy is very uncertain and, as Lyons (1968, 406) observed, is “ultimately indefinite and arbitrary.” Anxious, uncomfortable and worried have a common meaning, but anxious and uncomfortable take over, while worrying, for, with also next to more.

For most words, the relationship between the form (i.e. the phonetic form) of the word and its meaning is arbitrary. .